Diabetes is a relatively common illness that impacts millions of people. A person is said to be diabetic if his or her ability to create and/or respond to insulin is impaired. This means the body cannot process food for energy in the normal way that it should. The body’s lack of insulin or the misuse of it causes an elevated glucose level and an abnormal metabolism of carbs. This article will discuss both statins and diabetes as well as how to spot the symptoms of diabetes and ways to support healthy living with diabetes.
TYPES OF DIABETES
Diabetes is typically divided into two types: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is sometimes called insulin-dependent, and it can also be referred to as juvenile onset diabetes. This form of the disease can develop at any age. However, in most cases it presents itself before a person has reached adulthood. Type 1 is the least common of the two types, as it accounts for only about 5% to 10% of total diagnosed cases.
Some risk factors for type 1 diabetes are genetics and family history. For instance, a person who has a parent or a sibling with the disease is slightly more likely to develop it. Some research also shows that autoimmune factors can lead to the development of type 1 diabetes.
SOME AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES THAT CAN POTENTIALLY INCREASE THE RISK OF DIABETES ARE AS FOLLOWS:
Type 2 diabetes is also known as non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes. Most diabetics have type 2. In fact, estimates show that about 90% of diabetes cases are classified as type 2.
SOME RISK FACTORS FOR TYPE 2 ARE AS FOLLOWS:
History of gestational diabetes
Family history of diabetes
Impaired tolerance for glucose
Lack of regular physical exercise
In addition to the above risk factors, certain races and ethnicities are more likely to develop diabetes. If you are black American, Latin American, Native American, or Asian American, you might be slightly more likely to develop type two diabetes.
In a small percentage of pregnancy cases, a woman will develop diabetes. This form of the disease is called gestational diabetes, and it typically goes away at the end of the pregnancy. However, in some cases, a woman who develops gestational diabetes goes on to develop 糖尿病 diabetes later in life. Gestational diabetes tends to occur more frequently in Hispanics, blacks, Asians and American Indians. It is also more likely to appear in those who have a family history of diabetes.
In a very small percentage of cases, people get diabetes as a result of an infection, a surgery or a genetic disorder. Malnutrition also accounts for a small percentage of cases.
SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES
For some diabetics, the warning signs may be mild and almost unnoticeable. In fact, some diabetics don’t know they have the disease until they are treated for another health concern. This is especially the case for many type 2 diabetics. However, with type 1 diabetes, symptoms tend to be more severe and they may happen suddenly and unexpectedly.
SOME SIGNS OF DIABETES TO LOOK FOR ARE AS FOLLOWS:
Fatigue or weakness
Sores and cuts that are slow to heal
Numbness in feet or legs
Pain in feet or legs
The above symptoms most frequently occur at the early onset of the disease and are especially prevalent in type 2 diabetics. Type 1 diabetics might also experience some unexplained weight loss. This weight loss may occur even in those who have not changed their exercise or eating habits. The weight loss is a result of the body not getting enough energy from food. Thus, the body burns fat and muscle, which results in the weight loss.
Type 1 diabetics are also susceptible to both vomiting and nausea. This is caused by the body’s process of burning fat. When fat is burned, a diabetic can develop ketones. Ketones are chemicals made in the human liver. Everyone has them. However, in diabetics, when too many ketones are produced, the body cannot use them for fuel in the way they are supposed to. This results in a diabetic feeling nauseated and also vomiting. In the worst case scenario, too many ketones can be fatal.
A person’s ketone level can be monitored at home using either a blood test or a urine test. These testing devices are available for purchase over-the-counter. Both tests can, of course, also be given at a doctor’s office. A patient should check his or her ketone level when pregnant and also when feeling physically injured or sick. A blood sugar level above 250 mg/dl also indicates that a person might have a high level of ketones, and thus the ketone level should be checked regularly.